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Title:Remedies for building reliable cyber-physical systems
Author(s):Roohi, Nima
Director of Research:Viswanathan, Mahesh
Doctoral Committee Chair(s):Viswanathan, Mahesh
Doctoral Committee Member(s):Dullerud, Geir; Mitra, Sayan; Misailovic, Sasa; Tivari, Ashish
Department / Program:Computer Science
Discipline:Computer Science
Degree Granting Institution:University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Subject(s):Hybrid automata
Cyber-physical systems
Formal model checking
Robust model checking
Counter example guided abstraction refinement (CEGAR)
Abstract:Cyber-physical systems (CPS) are systems that are tight integration of computer programs as controllers or cyber parts, and physical environments. The interaction is carried out by obtaining information about the physical environment through reading sensors and responding to the current knowledge through actuators. Examples of such systems are autonomous automobile systems, avionic systems, robotic systems, and medical devices. Perhaps the most common feature of all these systems is that they are all safety critical systems and failure most likely causes catastrophic consequences. This means that while testing continues to increase confidence in cyber-physical systems, formal or mathematical proofs are needed at the very least for the safety requirements of these systems. Hybrid automata is the main modeling language for cyber-physical systems. However, verifying safety properties is undecidable for all but very restricted known classes of these automata. Our first result introduces a new subclass of hybrid automata for which bounded time safety model checking problem is decidable. We also prove that unbounded time model checking for this subclass is undecidable which suggests this is the best one can hope for the new class. Our second result in this thesis is a counter-example guided abstraction refinement algorithm for unbounded time model checking of non- linear hybrid automata. Clearly, this is an undecidable problem and that is the main reason for using abstraction refinement techniques. Our CEGAR framework for this class is sound but not complete, meaning the algorithm never incorrectly says a system is safe, but may output unsafe incorrectly. We have also implemented our algorithm and compared it with seven other tools. There are multiple inherent problems with traditional model checking approaches. First, it is well-known that most models do not depict physical environments precisely. Second, the model checking problem is undecidable for most classes of hybrid automata. And third, even when model checking is decidable, controller part in most models cannot be implemented. These problems suggest that current methods of modeling cyber-physical systems and problems might not be the right ones. Our last result focuses on robust model checking of cyber-physical systems. In this part of the thesis, we focus on the implementability issue and show how to solve four different robust model checking problem for timed automata. We also introduce an optimal algorithm for robust time bounded safety model checking of monotonic rectangular automata.
Issue Date:2017-06-30
Rights Information:Copyright 2017 Nima Roohi
Date Available in IDEALS:2017-09-29
Date Deposited:2017-08

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