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Title:Geometry and topological phase of matter
Author(s):You, Yizhi
Director of Research:Fradkin, Eduardo
Doctoral Committee Chair(s):Hughes, Taylor
Doctoral Committee Member(s):Cooper, Lance; Peng, Jen-Chieh
Department / Program:Physics
Degree Granting Institution:University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Abstract:In this thesis, I will first derive and study the effective field theories of isotropic-nematic quantum phase transitions of Quantum states. The low-energy theory of the nematic field has z=2 dynamics due to a Berry phase of the order parameter, which is related to the Hall viscosity in parity and time-reversal-symmetry (TRS) broken states. The vortex of the nematic field, which is physically a disclination, creates a nonzero geometry curvature in the disclination core. The leading coupling between the nematic field and gauge field includes a Wen-Zee term which links the geometry curvature with the gauge theory. In the second part of this thesis, I investigate the geometry related issues in Weyl semimetals and SPT states, and explore the novel character of geometry defect in SPT states inherited from the topological nature of manybody system. In addition, I would introduce a general way to induce topological phase transition via decorated defect condensate. In the final part of this thesis, I begin with the bilayer Half-filled Landau Level system where the two composite Fermi surface acquires interlayer coherence and forms bonding/anti-bonding composite fermi sea. The corresponding interlayer coherent composite Fermi liquid(ICCFL) phase provides a straightforward landscape to verify the Dirac nature in Son's theory and extract the hidden Berry phase structure of the composite Fermi surface. The ICCFL phase contains two Fermi surfaces which are detached in most regions but adhesive at two hot spots. Such nematic structure is a consequence of the Berry phase encoded in the Dirac Fermi surface which is absent in HLR theory. Due to the nematicity in ICCFL, the system supports half-quantum vortex with deconfined $\frac{\pi}{2}$ gauge flux and the phase transition toward ICCFL contains a Lifshitz criticality with $z=3$ dynamical exponent. In addition, the exciton order parameter carries topological spin number so the ICCFL contains a unique Wen-Zee term which connects EM response with the background geometry curvature.
Issue Date:2017-05-19
Rights Information:Copyright 2017 Yizhi You
Date Available in IDEALS:2017-09-29
Date Deposited:2017-08

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