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Title:A matter of priorities: High working memory enables (slightly) superior value-directed remembering
Author(s):Griffin, Michael Llewellyn
Advisor(s):Benjamin, Aaron S.
Department / Program:Psychology
Degree Granting Institution:University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Subject(s):Working Memory
Cued Recall
Abstract:People with larger working memory capacity exhibit enhanced free recall but do not show any advantage on tests of recognition. This pair of results suggests that differences in the strategies that people bring to the task of learning and retrieving are superior in learners with high working memory. There is ample evidence that learners with high working memory do indeed bring better strategies to both encoding and retrieval, but as yet little evidence of whether higher working memory is related to greater effectiveness in prioritizing information across materials that differ in value. Using the value-directed remembering paradigm of Castel, Benjamin, Watkins, and Craik (2002), we examined whether learners with high working memory capacity show a particular advantage in remembering materials that are of high value. Across four experiments, we found that high working memory capacity led to a selective preference for remembering high-valued word pairs, but the effect was very modest and does not provide a complete picture of the relationship between working memory and recall.
Issue Date:2017-10-12
Rights Information:Copyright 2017 Michael Griffin
Date Available in IDEALS:2018-03-13
Date Deposited:2017-12

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