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Title:Distributed timing analysis
Author(s):Huang, Tsung-Wei
Director of Research:Wong, Martin D. F.
Doctoral Committee Chair(s):Wong, Martin D. F.
Doctoral Committee Member(s):Chen, Deming; Hwu, Wen-Mei; Rutenbar, Rob A.
Department / Program:Electrical & Computer Eng
Discipline:Electrical & Computer Engr
Degree Granting Institution:University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Degree:Ph.D.
Genre:Dissertation
Subject(s):Distributed systems
Timing analysis
Abstract:As design complexities continue to grow larger, the need to efficiently analyze circuit timing with billions of transistors across multiple modes and corners is quickly becoming the major bottleneck to the overall chip design closure process. To alleviate the long runtimes, recent trends are driving the need of distributed timing analysis (DTA) in electronic design automation (EDA) tools. However, DTA has received little research attention so far and remains a critical problem. In this thesis, we introduce several methods to approach DTA problems. We present a near-optimal algorithm to speed up the path-based timing analysis in Chapter 1. Path-based timing analysis is a key step in the overall timing flow to reduce unwanted pessimism, for example, common path pessimism removal (CPPR). In Chapter 2, we introduce a MapReduce-based distributed Path-based timing analysis framework that can scale up to hundreds of machines. In Chapter 3, we introduce our standalone timer, OpenTimer, an open-source high-performance timing analysis tool for very large scale integration (VLSI) systems. OpenTimer efficiently supports (1) both block-based and path-based timing propagations, (2) CPPR, and (3) incremental timing. OpenTimer works on industry formats (e.g., .v, .spef, .lib, .sdc) and is designed to be parallel and portable. To further facilitate integration between timing and timing-driven optimizations, OpenTimer provides user-friendly application programming interface (API) for inactive analysis. Experimental results on industry benchmarks re- leased from TAU 2015 timing analysis contest have demonstrated remarkable results achieved by OpenTimer, especially in its order-of-magnitude speedup over existing timers. In Chapter 4 we present a DTA framework built on top of our standalone timer OpenTimer. We investigated into existing cluster computing frameworks from big data community and demonstrated DTA is a difficult fit here in terms of computation patterns and performance concern. Our specialized DTA framework supports (1) general design partitions (logical, physical, hierarchical, etc.) stored in a distributed file system, (2) non-blocking IO with event-driven programming for effective communication and computation overlap, and (3) an efficient messaging interface between application and network layers. The effectiveness and scalability of our framework has been evaluated on large hierarchical industry designs over a cluster with hundreds of machines. In Chapter 5, we present our system DtCraft, a distributed execution engine for compute-intensive applications. Motivated by our DTA framework, DtCraft introduces a high-level programming model that lets users without detailed experience of distributed computing utilize the cluster resources. The major goal is to simplify the coding efforts on building distributed applications based on our system. In contrast to existing data-parallel cluster computing frameworks, DtCraft targets on high-performance or compute- intensive applications including simulations, modeling, and most EDA applications. Users describe a program in terms of a sequential stream graph associated with computation units and data streams. The DtCraft runtime transparently deals with the concurrency controls including work distribution, process communication, and fault tolerance. We have evaluated DtCraft on both micro-benchmarks and large-scale simulation and optimization problems, and showed the promising performance from single multi-core machines to clusters of computers.
Issue Date:2017-10-12
Type:Text
URI:http://hdl.handle.net/2142/99302
Rights Information:Copyright 2017 Tsung-Wei Huang
Date Available in IDEALS:2018-03-13
Date Deposited:2017-12


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