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Title:Collective self-esteem among ethnic minorities: Examining patterns over 4 years
Author(s):Brown, Arielle A.
Advisor(s):Neville, Helen
Department / Program:Educational Psychology
Discipline:Educational Psychology
Degree Granting Institution:University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Subject(s):Collective self-esteem
Ethnic minorities
Abstract:In this study, I examined the patterns of Asian American, Black American, and Latinx American college students’ (N = 558) race-specific collective self-esteem over four years. This study focused on four aspects of collective self-esteem: membership CSE (i.e., how good or worthy they are as a member of their racial or ethnic group), identity (i.e., the importance of one’s racial or ethnic group to their identity), private CSE (i.e., one’s personal evaluation of their racial or ethnic group), and public CSE (i.e., one’s beliefs on how others evaluate their racial or ethnic group). Similar to Kim and Lee (2011), in this study, I explored whether demographic factors (i.e., gender, racial/ethnic group membership) and friendship diversity predicted patterns of CSE. Also, I extended Kim and Lee’s research in three critical ways, including: (a) identifying race-specific CSE over four years, (b) including a racially/ethnically diverse sample consisting of Asian American, Black American, and Latinx American college students, and (c) examining multidimensional patterns of CSE as opposed to examining individual subscale scores. Findings from latent profile analysis (LPA) across the three time points revealed five interrelated multidimensional profiles. There was considerable conceptual overlap in the type of profiles across the time periods, but there were a few differences as well. Three of the profiles were consistent with Chavous and colleague’s (2003) research on racial identity among Black youth: Alienated, Idealized, and Buffering/Defensive. Two additional profiles were also uncovered: Low Connectedness/Average Affinity and Low Racial Pride/Optimistic. Time 1 and Time 3 patterns were most consistent. Findings from multinomial logistic regression analyses also highlighted that race, gender, and racial composition of friends mattered in terms of race-specific CSE patterns.
Issue Date:2017-10-13
Rights Information:Copyright 2017 Arielle Brown
Date Available in IDEALS:2018-03-13
Date Deposited:2017-12

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