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Title:How evaluation practice, knowledge construction, value, and social programming predict utilization of program review recommendations by community college department chairs
Author(s):Levandowski, Allan
Director of Research:Bragg, Debra D.
Doctoral Committee Chair(s):Bragg, Debra D.
Doctoral Committee Member(s):Hackmann, Donald G.; Hood, Denice W.; Baber, Lorenzo D.
Department / Program:Educ Policy, Orgzn & Leadershp
Discipline:Ed Organization and Leadership
Degree Granting Institution:University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Subject(s):Program review
program evaluation
higher education
community college
community college program review
Illinois Community College Board
Illinois Community College Board program review
evaluation practice
knowledge construction
social programming
utilization of evaluation results
evaluation use
career chair
non-career chair
department chair
department head
organizational factors
Pearson product–moment correlations
linear regression
recurring themes
independent sample t tests
chisquare test
Abstract:This study was designed to identify the attitudes and concerns that community college chairs have about Illinois Community College Board (ICCB) Program Review. It determined whether differences existed between career and noncareer chairs’ responses on organizational factors and types of utilization, whether relationships existed within and between organizational factors and types of utilization, and whether organizational factors predicted types of utilization. The sample included the entire population of community college department chairs who were solely responsible for conducting a program review in Illinois during 2006–2007, 2007– 2008, or 2008–2009. The data analysis was structured to answer 15 research questions, with descriptive statistics, and independent sample t tests used to determine significant differences between career and noncareer department chairs. Additionally, Research Question 12 used a chisquare test to determine whether a significant difference existed between career and noncareer department chairs on utilization of program review recommendations. Pearson product–moment correlations were computed for Research Question 13 to determine relationships within and between organizational subscales and utilization subscales, and a linear regression was used to analyze Research Question 14 to determine whether the organizational subscales predicted the utilization subscales. Last, open-ended responses were analyzed to identify recurring themes for Research Question 15. The conceptual framework for this study was based on Shadish, Cook, and Leviton (1991) who identified five processes that undergird program review, which are: evaluation practice, knowledge construction, values, social programming, and utilization of evaluation results. Their theory attempted to clarify the relationships between evaluation activities and the process of evaluation and propositions pertaining to evaluation. Because no existing instrument investigated all five aspects of this theory, an instrument was created to measure the PKVS framework (evaluation practice [P], knowledge construction [K], values [V], and social programming [S]). Results using this instrumentation contributed to five conclusions: First, evaluation practice plays a role in community college program review by guiding and shaping an evaluation process designed to meet the needs of the ICCB. Second, knowledge construction results from examining the data, gathering feedback from stakeholders, and sharing what has been learned. Third, understanding trust within complex institutions such as community colleges contributes to the utilization of program review where a variety of professional climates, cultures, and standards exist. Fourth, social programming keeps programs grounded to stakeholders’ needs. Last, department chairs view utilization of program review as paramount to the success of program review as well as the programs they oversee.
Issue Date:2014-05-30
Rights Information:Copyright 2014 Allan R. Levandowski
Date Available in IDEALS:2014-05-30
Date Deposited:2014-05

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