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Title:Folding-Promoted Reactivity and Tunable Structure of Pyridine-Containing M-Phenylene Ethynylene Helical Cavitands
Author(s):Heemstra, Jennifer Margaret
Doctoral Committee Chair(s):Moore, Jeffrey S.
Department / Program:Chemistry
Degree Granting Institution:University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Subject(s):Chemistry, Organic
Abstract:In one study, a hydrogen bonding interaction between adjacent monomer units is shown to stabilize the folded conformation of a PE oligomer. Subsequent studies focus on the incorporation of pyridine rings into the chain sequence. The pKa value of the pyridine nitrogen can be modulated either by changing the substituents on the pyridine ring, or in some cases, through noncovalent interactions in the folded helical structure. When the pyridine ring bears a N,N-dimethylamino substituent, the folded structure of the oligomer is shown to promote methylation of the pyridine nitrogen. The lowered energy barrier for this reaction results from binding of the methylating agent in the helical cavity of the oligomer, where it is constrained in close proximity to the pyridine nucleophile. Also, methylation of the pyridine ring is shown to stabilize the folded conformation of the oligomers through pyridinium-pi interactions. Together, these studies represent progress toward the design of functionalized PE oligomers for use as supramolecular catalysts.
Issue Date:2005
Description:144 p.
Thesis (Ph.D.)--University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 2005.
Other Identifier(s):(MiAaPQ)AAI3199018
Date Available in IDEALS:2015-09-25
Date Deposited:2005

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