Cossacks, empire, and the Enlightenment: From orientalization to republican reappropriation
- Cossacks, empire, and the Enlightenment: From orientalization to republican reappropriation
- Sklokin, Volodymyr
- Issue Date
- Zaporozhian Cossacks
- Sloboda Ukraine
- Catherine II
- This article seeks to explore how Enlightenment narratives and categories framed the perception and image of the Zaporozhian Cossacks both in the imperial center and in the south-western periphery of the Russian Empire in the late eighteenth century. It demonstrates that Catherine II deployed the discourse of civilizational mission to justify the disbandment of the Zaporozhian Cossack Host and the liquidation of the Zaporozhian Sich. The historical works of Voltaire became an important source of inspiration for Catherine's orientalist image of the Ukrainian Cossacks, which gained wide currency in the Russian Empire and was accepted by some representatives of the Ukrainian Cossack elite. On the other hand, the Enlightenment allowed some Ukrainians to challenge imperial hegemony by going beyond traditional estate and regional particularism and by rethinking the Cossack tradition as a democratic republican one and setting it against the supposed despotism of Imperial Russia.
- Series/Report Name or Number
- ВИВЛIОθИКА: E-Journal of Eighteenth-Century Russian Studies, vol. 10
- Type of Resource
- Copyright and License Information
- Copyright 2022 Volodymyr Sklokin
- This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
ВИВЛIОθИКА V10 2022 PRIMARYVolume 10
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